Dental  and  Periodontal HealthWritten

Periodontitis is defined as inflammation of the supporting tissues of the tooth.

These tissues include bone, the periodontal membrane, and the gums.

Gingivitis (infection of the gums) is a common cause of periodontitis as is the dental plaque that. 

Periodontitis has been known for centuries to be responsible for a significant proportion of dental problems.

but recent research has shown that its deleterious effects extend far beyond the mouth.

Periodontitis is a fundamental cause of this sinister inflammatory process and is associated.

with infection and inflammation of the periodontal tissues and the release of bacteria.

toxins, protein acids, pro-inflammatory chemical messengers and other harmful compounds into the mouth and bloodstream.

Once in the bloodstream, these agents stimulate a systemic inflammatory response that in turn causes problems a long way from the mouth.

Some of the most important targets of periodontitis-induced systemic inflammation are the blood vessels.

especially the endothelial linings of the arteries.

There are different types of periodontitis such as chronic periodontitis that is most commonly seen in adults,

aggressive periodontitis, periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic diseases.

The primary etiological factor for the formation of the periodontal diseases.

is a microbial dental plaque or in other words the bacteria within the biofilm.

Besides that, the medication used for the systemic diseases and stress may be the secondary causes of the disease.

Antidepressants used for the treatment of obsessive-compulsive illness, anxiety and depression may cause the decrease in saliva flow which results with the xerostomia.

Due to the lack of saliva, the removal of microbial biofilm gets difficult and periodontal diseases occur.

So what is the role of a patient in this situation?Most of the patients have no idea about the periodontal diseases.

The reason for that may be the inadequate or false information of the people by the dentists.

The patients should first believe the necessity of the periodontal treatment as the success of the treatment depends on half and half the patient.

In addition to the patient’s role, the dentists have the primary responsibility for the cure.

After the application of the appropriate periodontal treatment, the patient should be educated about the proper dental hygiene such as how to brush, floss and use the interdental brushes.

At the end of the treatment, recall sessions start in which the patient is seen in every 3,4 or 6 months.

In each recall session, the recurrence of the periodontal disease and the patient’s oral hygiene is evaluated.

People should go to dental visits not because it is a must for them. They should put it in a routine, brush their teeth twice in a day and floss daily at least.

The best times to do these procedures are the mornings after breakfast and the nights before going to bed.

Otherwise, the result will be the formation of caries and periodontal diseases.

Today, the prophylactic treatment modalities take place with the treatment in which the aim is to prevent the progression of the destruction.

By that, patients who are under risk for the occurrence of periodontal disease are diagnosed and precautions are taken in advance.

To get this point, dentists have the responsibility to inform the patients before the condition occurs.

However, the patients are as responsible as the dentists not to have the disease by performing the oral hygiene procedures accurately.